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Naturalization

Law Offices of Yu & Associates


Naturalization is the process to become a U.S. citizen if you were born outside of the United States. If you meet certain requirements, you may become a U.S. citizen. To qualify to apply for the citizenship, a 5-year permanent resident must meet the following requirements:

  • Be at least 18 years old;
  • Be a permanent resident (green card holder) for at least 5 years;
  • Have lived within the state for at least 3 months before filing the N400 application;
  • Have continuous residence in the U.S. as a permanent resident for 5 years before filing the application;
  • Have been physically present in the U.S. for at least 30 months out of the 5 years before filing the application;
  • Have good moral character;
  • Be able to pass the English test and civics test.

For green card holders who obtained immigrant status through marriage, they must be a permanent resident for at least 3 years immediately preceding the time of filing the naturalization application.

During the naturalization process, all applicants must take a two-part naturalization test. The first part is the English proficiency test and the other is the civics test. Applicants are required to take both exams unless they are eligible for an exemption. Applicants meeting the following requirements can request not to take the English test and only take the civics test.

50/20 Exemption

If an applicant is more than 50 years old and has lived in the U.S. for at least 20 years, then the 50/20 exception rule will apply.

55/15 Exemption

If an applicant is more than 55 years old and has lived in the U.S. and held a green card for at least 15 years, then the 50/15 exception rule will apply.

In both exemptions indicated above, the applicant can request not to appear for the English test and only take the civics test. The applicant can take the civics citizenship test in their native language.

Additionally, if the applicant is more than 65 years old and has been a permanent resident for at least 20 years, they can request to take a simpler version of the civics test in their native language.

Furthermore, applicants that have a physical or developmental disability or mental impairment can request an exemption from both the English and civics tests, if their medical records can show the disability or impairment affects the applicantí»s ability to understand English and U.S. civics.

 

The above is intended as a general introduction and should not be construed as legal advice or legal opinion for your particular case. Please contact the Law Offices of Yu & Associates with any specific questions. Tel: (301) 838-8986, Email: syu@yulegal.com, Address: 110 N Washington St., Suite 328E, Rockville, MD 20850.



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